Subject and Verb Agreement Rules with Examples Pdf

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Subject-verb agreement is a crucial component of English grammar. It ensures that the subject (the person or thing doing the action) of a sentence agrees with the verb (the action being performed). If there is a disagreement between the subject and verb, the sentence becomes grammatically incorrect and can lead to confusion for the reader. In this article, we will discuss subject-verb agreement rules with examples in PDF format.

Rule 1: Singular subjects take singular verbs, and plural subjects take plural verbs.

Example 1: The dog barks at the mailman. (singular subject and singular verb)

Example 2: The cats meow loudly in the middle of the night. (plural subject and plural verb)

Rule 2: When the subject is separated from the verb by words or phrases, the verb should still agree with the subject, not the words or phrases in between.

Example 1: The boy, along with his friends, is going to the park. (singular subject and singular verb)

Example 2: The dogs, as well as the cats, are in the backyard. (plural subject and plural verb)

Rule 3: Indefinite pronouns like anyone, someone, everyone, and no one are singular and require a singular verb.

Example 1: Someone is knocking at the door. (singular subject and singular verb)

Example 2: Everyone is invited to the party. (singular subject and singular verb)

Rule 4: Compound subjects joined by and take a plural verb.

Example 1: Tom and Jerry are best friends. (compound subject and plural verb)

Example 2: The cake and the ice cream were delicious. (compound subject and plural verb)

Rule 5: When the subject is a collective noun, the verb can be singular or plural, depending on whether the group is acting as a unit or as individuals.

Example 1: The team is playing well this season. (collective noun as a unit, singular verb)

Example 2: The team are arguing amongst themselves. (collective noun as individuals, plural verb)

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is essential to ensure clear communication in writing. By following these rules and understanding how they apply to different situations, writers can avoid common grammatical errors and produce more effective writing. With the help of a PDF guide, it becomes even easier to understand and apply these rules in your writing.